Global warming could reduce Sierra Nevada runoff by 25 percent

Forest evaporation leading to increased water loss… These scientists are starting to go crazy in-depth.

Summit County Citizens Voice

Increased plant growth projected to use more water

In the lengthening nights of October, the Snake River starts to freeze. Global warming is likely to have a big impact on mountain runoff. bberwyn photo.

Staff Report

FRISCO — Forests and brush moving up mountainsides as the climate warms could take a big gulp from streams and rivers, potentially cutting runoff by as much as 25 percent by the end of the century. Warmer temperatures will accelerate plant growth, triggering more water absorption and evaporation, according to researchers with  UC Irvine and UC Merced.

“Scientists have recognized for a while that something like this was possible, but no one had been able to quantify whether it could be a big effect,” said UCI professor of Earth system science Michael L. Goulden. “It’s clear that this could be a big effect of climate warming and that water managers need to recognize and plan for the possibility of increased water losses from forest evaporation.”


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Fossil Fuel Divestment Works in Slowing Global Warming

This is something that more and more people need to be made aware of. Fossil Fuels are continuing to pollute our world – and there’s very little that we’re doing about it.

Emilio Cogliani

Co-authored by Julia Trezona Peek

Once the lone province of climate scientists, the chorus warning of the costs of inaction on climate change grows larger daily, from former United States Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson, who warned Washington this summer of the coming climate bubble, to Desmond Tutu, who has urged institutions to divest from fossil fuels. Even the U.S. Congress, the week before August recess, introduced two big climate-related bills (in the House) and held four hearings on climate change. The tide is clearly shifting.

Financial pressure from the fossil fuel industry, however, has helped ensure that overall the U.S. Congress has done little to confront the challenges of a warming world. The fossil fuel industry spent $536 million on lobbying and donations to the 112th Congress and receives an estimated $37.5 billion annually in U.S. subsidies.

This lobby legacy, and the bias Congress and the administration have given to…

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On the Radio: Water quality meetings begin this week

Give this a quick listen. Water quality is something that is very important for countless reasons – not only for our well-being, but also for the rest of the environment.

Iowa Environmental Focus

A rock in the Cedar River near Mount Vernon, Iowa. (Rich Herrmann/Flickr) A rock in the Cedar River near Mount Vernon, Iowa. (Rich Herrmann/Flickr)

This week’s On the Radio segment introduces a series of meetings being held by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources on state water quality. Listen to the audio below, or continue reading for the transcript.

Transcript: Water Meetings

The Iowa Department of Natural Resources is seeking the public’s input on water quality through a series of meetings beginning in early September.

This is the Iowa Environmental Focus.

The meetings happen every three years, as part of a review process mandated by the Federal Clean Water Act. The DNR hopes to gather feedback from Iowans on what issues are important to them in order to set new water quality goals for Iowa’s rivers and streams.

The DNR will then consider the public’s responses and use the information to form an updated action plan for the next three…

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Installing windows is a lengthy process but is well worth it. It'll add value to your house, make it look better and offer more insulation.

Replacing Windows: Step-By-Step Guide

If you’re living in an older house, there will come a time when you have to replace the windows. The wood in an older house begins to warp, affecting not only how the windows look and operate but also the insulation that they provide. This article will walk you through all of the steps necessary to replace those windows correctly the first time (without having to hire a contractor).

For this guide, I am assuming that your window frames are solid; if this is the case, you simply need to insert replacement units. To replace window frames, please check back for further instructions.

There are three types of replacement windows: insert replacements, sash kits and full-frame units. We’re going to be working with an insert replacement.

Step 1: Measure

Before going any further into the process, make sure that you measure out the windows for your replacements. To start, measure the inside width of the old window frame (jamb to jamb). You should do this in three places: the top, the middle and the bottom. If the measurements are different, write down whichever is the smallest out of the three.

After that, measure the height of the frame. Start from the top of the sill to the underside of the head jamb. Again, do this in three places – left, center and right – and record the smallest measurement.

Check the squareness of the frame by measuring the diagonals. If there is a difference of more than 1/4 of an inch, you’re going to need to make adjustments to the frame.

Use an angle-measuring tool to determine the slope of the sill. Record this as well.

Installing windows is a lengthy process but is well worth it. It'll add value to your house, make it look better and offer more insulation.

Installing windows is a lengthy process but is well worth it. It’ll add value to your house, make it look better and offer more insulation.


Step 2: Removing the Sash and Jamb Liners

Removing the old sash from the window frame requires either prying it off or unscrewing t he interior wooden stops. Start with the bottom sash; after the bottom is removed, take out the parting beads so that the upper sash is free. Press on the jamb liners and pull the top sash forward to free it.

Next, take off the jamb liners. Use a flat bar to pry them free and remove any remaining wooden stops from the frame.

Step 3: Getting Your Frame Prepared

There’s going to be a mess left of old paint and loose wood. Scrape that off and then patch any holes or cracks with wood putty. Sand the jambs smooth so that you have a clean finish. Finish it up with some primer and paint.

Check if there are original sash weights in place – if so, remove them and insulate behind the frame. You need to unscrew the access panel on each side to pull the weights out.

Step 4: Insulation

Polyurethan foam is great for windows. It’s much more effective at blocking air than fiberglass foam. It’s important, however, to only use low-pressure that expands very minimally. Make sure that the foam is produced solely for windows and doors. Drill holes into the jamb, one at each end and one in the middle, on all four sides.

Now for the fun part… shoot the foam into each hole until it begins to ooze out. Don’t forget to fill in the sash-weight pockets that we emptied. Let the foam sit for at least 6 hours so that it can harden; then, break off the excess foam so that you have a flush surface.

Step 5: Caulking and Installing the Window

We’re about to install the window. First, however, we want to caulk the exposed inner face. Apply it to the blind stops on the top and sides of the frame, as well as beads along the window sill.

Finally, it’s time to install the window. You want to be working from the inside of the room, placing the bottom onto the sill and tipping it forward into the opening. Press the window forward, making sure it is tight against the exterior casings or blind stops.

Step 6: Screw It In and Inserting Shims

Have someone hold the window in place. Using a 2-inch screw, loosely attach the upper side jamb and the framing. Do not tighten it too much – it should be just enough to hold the frame in place.

Grab some shims and insert accordingly under the sill and behind the side jambs. You want to make sure that the window is in the center of the space. Measuring diagonally, these measurements should be the same. Take a utility knife and trim the excess.

Step 7: More Caulking, More Priming, More Painting

Now, operate from the outside of the window. Measure gaps in the frame and casing. If any gaps are less than 1/4 of an inch, fill them with the elastomeric caulk. Use a rubber backer rod for anything larger than 1/4 of an inch. Next, head back inside and fill gaps with the expanding foam. Install your window stops, prime and paint.

Step 8: Sit Back and Enjoy

You worked hard. Take some time to relax. Stare out the window.


Interior Lighting Guidelines – Each Room is Different

When it comes to interior lighting, you need to treat each room differently. There are two guidelines that every interior designer should follow: mixing light sources at different levels, and providing the appropriate amount of light given the tasks that you’ll be preforming in that space. You need different levels of lighting for getting dressed in your bedroom than you do for cooking in the kitchen.


Overhead lighting is best for the kitchen. Since your primary task is cooking or preparing food, you want the lights overhead so that you are not casting shadows on the food while it’s being prepared. It’s a good idea to invest in a dimmer so that you can turn it up when you’re cooking, or keep it low when you’re just grabbing a late-night snack. You also, however, want to illuminate work surfaces by using a sturdy table lamp and under-cabinet lights.

Dining Room

You always want to make sure that the table is the brightest spot in the room. It draws people towards the food and makes them feel comfortable sitting around the table. This is why chandeliers are popular in dining rooms – it’s not just to make them look extravagant, but also to illuminate the table as best as possible. You want to use indirect lighting to address the rest of the room. Have light bouncing off of the walls, illuminating a china closet, etc.

Living Room

When addressing the living room, it’s smart to illuminate three of the four corners. Don’t just throw light into a corner, however; focus at least one of those lights on an object. This could be a work of art, a plant or anything else you want to draw attention to. Within the room, using a combination of table and floor lamps will provide you with light that is suitable for reading on the couches. Have some lamps directing light upwards, others directing it downwards. Also, putting downward-glowing lamps on a three-way switch will allow you to increase the light for reading.


A bedroom should be thought of as the place where you feel most comfortable. Your bedroom should give off a warm, snug feeling. This is achieved by placing lamps around the bed that do not point directly at it. Also, make sure that you angle recessed fixtures towards the dressing area – you do not want these fixtures pointing at the bed. It’s ideal to also have a small lamp that mimics candlelight. Something about a candle just gives off a cozy feeling.


You always want sconces located around the mirror. Whether you’re shaving or applying makeup, you want to make sure that you have a combination of sidelights and overhead lights to fill in any shadows that are on your face. The rest of the room should be illuminated as well (some of us like to read while on the toilet). If you’re bathroom is larger, it’s smart to have a light directly over the shower.

5 New Patterns Added to NuMetal Collection

5 New Patterns Added to NuMetal Collection

Five new patterns have been added to ATI’s NuMetal collection and are available for immediate fulfillment.

Your regional sales representative can assist in providing additional details, as well as review specifications and provide samples specific to any pending projects you may have. Unsure of the best contact person? Call us at 866-755-4527 and we’ll be happy to point you in the right direction.

If you happen to have a NuMetal Architectural Display Board, you may want to check out a brief video previewing the recent changes.

Updates for the NuMetal Display Board are 100% free until June 30, 2014, so act today for timely fulfillment.*

For immediate distributor support, or to request the display board/chip chain updates,
please click on the link below to fill out the contact form.